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  • 1
    Language: English
    Year of publication: 2023
    Titel der Quelle: Journal for the Study of the New Testament
    Angaben zur Quelle: 46,2 (2023) 111-149
    Keywords: Jesus ; Melchisedek Scroll Criticism, interpretation, etc. ; New Testament. Criticism, interpretation, etc. ; New Testament. Relation to the Bible ; Bible. Criticism, interpretation, etc. ; Messiah in post-biblical literature ; Messiah New Testament teaching ; Son of Man History of doctrines Early church, ca.30-600
    Abstract: This article asks why Jesus in Mk 2.10 interprets the authority (εξουσία γρ) of the Son of Man in Dan. 7.14 as the authority to forgive sins. I approach this question by looking at IIQMelchizedek (11Q13). Drawing on a constellation of texts pertaining to jubilee (Lev. 25, Isa. 61.1, Dan. 9.24-27), 11QMelchizedek portrays Melchizedek as forgiving Israel's sins by his jubilean declaration of 'liberty In light of similar intertextual moves being made in Mark, I suggest that Mk 2.10-'the Son of Man has authority to forgive sins on the land (ἀφιέναι ἁμαρτίας ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς) —invokes the language of the jubilee legislation in Lev. 25.10: 'you will declare forgiveness on the land (διαβοήσετε ἄφεσιν ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς). I conclude that this interpretation of 'authority' in Dan. 7.14 stems from an assumed conflation between the Son of Man of Dan. 7.13-14 with the herald messiah of Isa. 61.1, as well as an interpretation of Isa. 61.1 in which the messiah enacts the eschatological forgiveness of Israel's sins by his jubilean declaration of liberty.
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