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  • 1
    Title: אמנות ללא דמות מגמות אנטי־פיגורטיביות באמנות היהודית בשלהי התקופה הביזנטית ובראשית התקופה המוסלמית
    ISBN: 9789657776599
    Language: Hebrew
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource
    Year of publication: 2021
    Keywords: Archeology ; Ancient East ; Arts ; Jewish Studies ; History of the Land and State of Israel
    Abstract: The Second Commandment's injunction against making graven images and likenesses resonates in all facets of Jewish visuality throughout the generations. Although Jews have always created and consumed art, the attitude to figural art -anthropomorphic and zoomorphic representations - has oscillated, like a pendulum, between strict prohibition and full permissibility. Figureless Art traces a lesser-known chapter in the history of Jewish art - a period governed by the swing to extreme stringency that left its mark on Late Antique synagogues in the Land of Israel. This anti-figural trend manifested in the avoidance of anthropomorphic and zoomorphic depictions and in the deliberate obliteration of anthropomorphic and zoomorphic figures on stone carvings and mosaic carpets that adorned the synagogues. What is the meaning of this strict trend? Did it emerge from within the Jewish world or was it stimulated, conversely, by external influences? Who was responsible for the effacement of the figures in the synagogues and when did these iconoclastic events occur? This book examines these phenomena through a broad historical, religious, and cultural perspective, based on visual and literary sources from Late Antique and early Muslim Palestine
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